The economy of Iran is the eighteenth largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP). It is a transition economy with a large public sector and an estimated 50% of the economy centrally planned. Exports are dominated by oil and gas (80%) and constituted 60% of the government revenue in 2010. A unique feature of Iran's economy is the large size of the religious foundations whose combined budgets make up more than 30% that of the central government. Iran is one of the few major economies that has kept a positive growth, despite the 2008 global financial crisis and the international sanctions relating to its nuclear program. 
Distortions resulting from a combination of price controls and subsidies, particularly on food and energy, continues to weigh down the economy; and contraband, administrative controls, widespread corruption, and other rigidities undermine the potential for private sector-led growth. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has proposed replacing energy subsidies with targeted social assistance. However, previous government-led efforts at reform – such as fuel rationing in July 2007 and the imposition of the value-added tax (VAT) in October 2008 – were met with stiff resistance and violent protests. Iran ranks 69th out of 139 in Global Competitiveness Report.
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